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    Brazil Geography 1998
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb1998/brazil/brazil_geography.html
    SOURCE: 1998 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean

      Geographic coordinates 10 00 S, 55 00 W

      Map references South America

      Area
      total: 8,511,965 sq km
      land: 8,456,510 sq km
      water: 55,455 sq km
      note: includes Arquipelago de Fernando de Noronha, Atol das Rocas, Ilha da Trindade, Ilhas Martin Vaz, and Penedos de Sao Pedro e Sao Paulo

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than the US

      Land boundaries
      total: 14,691 km
      border countries: Argentina 1,224 km, Bolivia 3,400 km, Colombia 1,643 km, French Guiana 673 km, Guyana 1,119 km, Paraguay 1,290 km, Peru 1,560 km, Suriname 597 km, Uruguay 985 km, Venezuela 2,200 km

      Coastline 7,491 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate mostly tropical, but temperate in south

      Terrain mostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Pico da Neblina 3,014 m

      Natural resources bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber

      Land use
      arable land: 5%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 22%
      forests and woodland: 58%
      other: 14% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 28,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards recurring droughts in northeast; floods and occasional frost in south

      Environment - current issues deforestation in Amazon Basin destroys the habitat and endangers the existence of a multitude of plant and animal species indigenous to the area; air and water pollution in Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, and several other large cities; land degradation and water pollution caused by improper mining activities

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note largest country in South America; shares common boundaries with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador

      NOTE: The information regarding Brazil on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Brazil Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Brazil Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb1998/brazil/brazil_geography.html

    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01