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    China Government 1998

      Country name
      conventional long form: People's Republic of China
      conventional short form: China
      local long form: Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo
      local short form: Zhong Guo
      abbreviation: PRC

      Data code CH

      Government type Communist state

      National capital Beijing

      Administrative divisions 23 provinces (sheng, singular and plural), 5 autonomous regions* (zizhiqu, singular and plural), and 4 municipalities** (shi, singular and plural); Anhui, Beijing**, Chongqing**, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi*, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol*, Ningxia*, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanghai**, Shanxi, Sichuan, Tianjin**, Xinjiang*, Xizang* (Tibet), Yunnan, Zhejiang
      note: China considers Taiwan its 23rd province; see separate entry for the special administrative region of Hong Kong

      Independence 221 BC (unification under the Qin or Ch'in Dynasty 221 BC; Qing or Ch'ing Dynasty replaced by the Republic on 12 February 1912; People's Republic established 1 October 1949)

      National holiday National Day, 1 October (1949)

      Constitution most recent promulgation 4 December 1982

      Legal system a complex amalgam of custom and statute, largely criminal law; rudimentary civil code in effect since 1 January 1987; new legal codes in effect since 1 January 1980; continuing efforts are being made to improve civil, administrative, criminal, and commercial law

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President JIANG Zemin (since 27 March 1993) and Vice President HU Jintao (since 16 March 1998)
      head of government: Premier ZHU Rongji (since 18 March 1998); Vice Premiers QIAN Qichen (since 29 March 1993), LI Lanqing (29 March 1993), WU Bangguo (since 17 March 1995), and WEN Jiabao (since 18 March 1998)
      cabinet: State Council appointed by the National People's Congress (NPC)
      elections: president and vice president elected by the National People's Congress for five-year terms; elections last held 16-18 March 1998 (next to be held NA March 2003); premier nominated by the president, confirmed by the National People's Congress
      election results: JIANG Zemin reelected president by the Ninth National People's Congress with a total of 2,882 votes (36 delegates voted against him, 29 abstained, and 32 did not vote); HU Jintao elected vice president by the Ninth National People's Congress with a total of 2,841 votes (67 delegates voted against him, 39 abstained, and 32 did not vote)

      Legislative branch unicameral National People's Congress or Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui (2,979 seats; members elected by municipal, regional, and provincial people's congresses to serve five-year terms)
      elections: last held NA December-NA February 1998 (next to be held late 2002-NA March 2003)
      election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - NA

      Judicial branch Supreme People's Court, judges appointed by the National People's Congress

      Political parties and leaders Chinese Communist Party (CCP), JIANG Zemin, General Secretary of the Central Committee; eight registered small parties controlled by CCP

      Political pressure groups and leaders no meaningful political opposition groups exist

      International organization participation AfDB, APEC, AsDB, BIS (pending member), CCC, ESCAP, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, LAIA (observer), MINURSO, NAM (observer), PCA, UN, UN Security Council, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNTSO, UNU, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador LI Zhaoxing
      chancery: 2300 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 328-2500 through 2502
      consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador James R. SASSER
      embassy: Xiu Shui Bei Jie 3, 100600 Beijing
      mailing address: PSC 461, Box 50, FPO AP 96521-0002
      telephone: [86] (10) 6532-3831
      FAX: [86] (10) 6532-6422
      consulate(s) general: Chengdu, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Shenyang

      Flag description red with a large yellow five-pointed star and four smaller yellow five-pointed stars (arranged in a vertical arc toward the middle of the flag) in the upper hoist-side corner

      NOTE: The information regarding China on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of China Government 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about China Government 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)