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    Tunisia Government - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/tunisia/tunisia_government.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form: Republic of Tunisia
      conventional short form: Tunisia
      local short form: Tunis
      local long form: Al Jumhuriyah at Tunisiyah

      Government type republic

      Capital Tunis

      Administrative divisions 23 governorates; Ariana (Aryanah), Beja (Bajah), Ben Arous (Bin 'Arus), Bizerte (Banzart), El Kef (Al Kaf), Gabes (Qabis), Gafsa (Qafsah), Jendouba (Jundubah), Kairouan (Al Qayrawan), Kasserine (Al Qasrayn), Kebili (Qibili), Mahdia (Al Mahdiyah), Medenine (Madanin), Monastir (Al Munastir), Nabeul (Nabul), Sfax (Safaqis), Sidi Bou Zid (Sidi Bu Zayd), Siliana (Silyanah), Sousse (Susah), Tataouine (Tatawin), Tozeur (Tawzar), Tunis, Zaghouan (Zaghwan)

      Independence 20 March 1956 (from France)

      National holiday Independence Day, 20 March (1956)

      Constitution 1 June 1959; amended 12 July 1988

      Legal system based on French civil law system and Islamic law; some judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court in joint session

      Suffrage 20 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Zine El Abidine BEN ALI (since 7 November 1987)
      head of government: Prime Minister Mohamed GHANNOUCHI (since 17 November 1999)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 24 October 1999 (next to be held NA 2004); prime minister appointed by the president
      election results: President Zine El Abidine BEN ALI reelected for a third term without opposition; percent of vote - Zine El Abidine BEN ALI nearly 100%

      Legislative branch unicameral Chamber of Deputies or Majlis al-Nuwaab (182 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      elections: last held 24 October 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)
      election results: percent of vote by party - RCD 92%; seats by party - RCD 148, MDS 13, UDU 7, PUP 7, Al-Tajdid 5, PSL 2; note - reforms enabled opposition parties to win up to 20% of seats, increasing the number of seats they hold from 19 in the last election to 34 now

      Judicial branch Court of Cassation or Cour de Cassation

      Political parties and leaders Al-Tajdid Movement [Adel CHAOUCH]; Constitutional Democratic Rally Party (Rassemblement Constitutionnel Democratique) or RCD [President Zine El Abidine BEN ALI (official ruling party)]; Liberal Social Party or PSL [Mounir BEJI]; Movement of Democratic Socialists or MDS [Khamis CHAMMARI]; Popular Unity Party or PUP [Mohamed Belhaj AMOR]; Unionist Democratic Union or UDU [Abderrahmane TLILI]

      Political pressure groups and leaders the Islamic fundamentalist party, Al Nahda (Renaissance), is outlawed

      International organization participation ABEDA, ACCT, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, AMU, BSEC (observer), CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MIPONUH, MONUC, NAM, OAS (observer), OAU, OIC, OPCW, OSCE (partner), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIK, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Hatem ATALLAH
      FAX: [1] (202) 862-1858
      telephone: [1] (202) 862-1850
      chancery: 1515 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20005

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Rust M. DEMING
      embassy: 144 Avenue de la Liberte, 1002 Tunis-Belvedere
      mailing address: use embassy street address
      telephone: [216] (1) 782-566
      FAX: [216] (1) 789-719

      Flag description red with a white disk in the center bearing a red crescent nearly encircling a red five-pointed star; the crescent and star are traditional symbols of Islam

      NOTE: The information regarding Tunisia on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tunisia Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tunisia Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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