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    Bhutan Geography 1998

      Location Southern Asia, between China and India

      Geographic coordinates 27 30 N, 90 30 E

      Map references Asia

      total: 47,000 sq km
      land: 47,000 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative about half the size of Indiana

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,075 km
      border countries: China 470 km, India 605 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate varies; tropical in southern plains; cool winters and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas

      Terrain mostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savanna

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Dangme Chu 97 m
      highest point: Khula Kangri I 7,553 m

      Natural resources timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbide

      Land use
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 6%
      forests and woodland: 66%
      other: 26% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 340 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards violent storms coming down from the Himalayas are the source of the country's name which translates as Land of the Thunder Dragon; frequent landslides during the rainy season

      Environment - current issues soil erosion; limited access to potable water

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Nuclear Test Ban
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note landlocked; strategic location between China and India; controls several key Himalayan mountain passes

      NOTE: The information regarding Bhutan on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bhutan Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bhutan Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)