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    Chad Government 1998

      Country name
      conventional long form: Republic of Chad
      conventional short form: Chad
      local long form: Republique du Tchad
      local short form: Tchad

      Data code CD

      Government type republic

      National capital N'Djamena

      Administrative divisions 14 prefectures (prefectures, singular - prefecture); Batha, Biltine, Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti, Chari-Baguirmi, Guera, Kanem, Lac, Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mayo-Kebbi, Moyen-Chari, Ouaddai, Salamat, Tandjile

      Independence 11 August 1960 (from France)

      National holiday Independence Day, 11 August (1960)

      Constitution 31 March 1995, passed by referendum

      Legal system based on French civil law system and Chadian customary law; does not accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY (since 4 December 1990)
      head of government: Prime Minister Nassour Guelengdouksia OUAIDOU (since 16 May 1997); appointed by the president; note - he was reappointed on 1 January 1998 when President DEBY named his new government
      cabinet: Council of State appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
      elections: the constitution provides for the election of a president by direct popular vote to serve a term of five years; if no candidate receives at least 50% of the total vote, the two candidates receiving the most votes must stand for a second round of voting; last held 2 June and 11 July 1996 (next to be held NA 2001); the prime minister is appointed by the president
      election results: in the first round of voting none of the 15 candidates received the required 50% of the total vote; percent of vote, first round - Lt. Gen. Idress DEBY 47.8%; percent of vote, second round - Lt. Gen. DEBY 69.1%, Wadal Abdelkader KAMOUGUE 30.9%

      Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly (125 seats; members serve four-year terms); replaces the Higher Transitional Council or the Conseil Superieur de Transition
      elections: National Assembly - last held in two rounds on 5 January and 23 February 1997, (next to be held NA 2001); in the first round of voting on 5 January 1997 some candidates won clear victories by receiving 50% or more of the vote; where that did not happen, the two highest scoring candidates stood for a second round of voting
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - MPS 65, URD 29, UNDR 15, RDP 3, others 13

      Judicial branch Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; Criminal Courts; Magistrate Courts

      Political parties and leaders Patriotic Salvation Movement or MPS [Maldom Bada ABBAS, chairman], originally in opposition but now the party in power and the party of the president; National Union for Development and Renewal or UNDR [Saleh KEBZABO, leader]; Rally for Democracy and Progress or RDP [Lal Mahamat CHOUA, leader]; Union for Renewal and Democracy or URD [Gen. Wadal Abdelkader KAMOUGUE, leader]; note - in mid-1996 Chad had about 60 political parties, of which these are the most prominent in the new National Assembly

      International organization participation ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, UDEAC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Mahamat Saleh AHMAT
      chancery: 2002 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
      telephone: [1] (202) 462-4009
      FAX: [1] (202) 265-1937

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador David C. HALSTED
      embassy: Avenue Felix Eboue, N'Djamena
      mailing address: B. P. 413, N'Djamena
      telephone: [235] (51) 70-09, (51) 90-52, (51) 92-33
      FAX: [235] (51) 56-54

      Flag description three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; similar to the flag of Romania; also similar to the flag of Andorra, which has a national coat of arms featuring a quartered shield centered in the yellow band; design was based on the flag of France

      NOTE: The information regarding Chad on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Chad Government 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chad Government 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)