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    Cyprus Geography 1998

      Location Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey

      Geographic coordinates 35 00 N, 33 00 E

      Map references Middle East

      total: 9,250 sq km (note - 3,355 sq km are in the Turkish Cypriot area)
      land: 9,240 sq km
      water: 10 sq km

      Area - comparative about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 648 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate temperate, Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters

      Terrain central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Olympus 1,952 m

      Natural resources copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment

      Land use
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 5%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 13%
      other: 70% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 390 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards moderate earthquake activity

      Environment - current issues water resource problems (no natural reservoir catchments, seasonal disparity in rainfall; sea water intrusion to island's largest aquifier; increased salinization in the north); water pollution from sewage and industrial wastes; coastal degradation; loss of wildlife habitats from urbanization

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      NOTE: The information regarding Cyprus on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cyprus Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cyprus Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)