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    El Salvador Geography 1998

      Location Middle America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras

      Geographic coordinates 13 50 N, 88 55 W

      Map references Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 21,040 sq km
      land: 20,720 sq km
      water: 320 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Massachusetts

      Land boundaries
      total: 545 km
      border countries: Guatemala 203 km, Honduras 342 km

      Coastline 307 km

      Maritime claims
      territorial sea: 200 nm

      Climate tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April)

      Terrain mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Cerro El Pital 2,730 m

      Natural resources hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum

      Land use
      arable land: 27%
      permanent crops: 8%
      permanent pastures: 29%
      forests and woodland: 5%
      other: 31% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 1,200 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards known as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes very destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity

      Environment - current issues deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; contamination of soils from disposal of toxic wastes

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea

      NOTE: The information regarding El Salvador on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of El Salvador Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about El Salvador Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)