Support our Sponsor

. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries
  • 2001 INDEX
  • 2000 INDEX
  • 1999 INDEX
  • 1997 INDEX
  • 1996 INDEX
  • Country Ranks



    [TOP]
  • Geographic.org Home PageCountry Index

    Estonia Economy 1998
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb1998/estonia/estonia_economy.html
    SOURCE: 1998 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview In 1997 Estonia's continued implementation of market economic reforms, disciplined fiscal and monetary policies, and a liberal free trade regime resulted in GDP growth of 10% and a drop in inflation to 11.2%. Estonia can point to its inclusion among the first group of Central and East European countries to begin EU accession talks in 1998 as its most significant economic achievement in 1997. Other economic strengths include solid investment grade rating from both Standard and Poors and Moody's, government revenue collection in excess of projections by more than 6%, growth in exports at a faster rate than imports, and record levels of foreign direct investment, among the highest per capita in Central and East Europe. Estonia privatized its shipping company in 1997, but failed to make as much progress privatizing other large infrastructure/utility companies, such as Eesti Energia and the Oil Shale company, which it plans to privatize in the next two years. The growing current account deficit, which stood at nearly 10% of GDP at yearend 1997, remains a serious concern. In 1998, GDP is expected to grow by 5.5% and inflation to fall 10%.

      GDP purchasing power parity - $9.34 billion (1997 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate 10% (1997 est.)

      GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $6,450 (1997 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector
      agriculture: 7.1%
      industry: 24.9%
      services: 68% (1995 est.)

      Inflation rate - consumer price index 11.2% (1997 est.)

      Labor force
      total: 785,000 (1996 est.)
      by occupation: industry and construction 42%, agriculture and forestry 20%, other 38% (1990)

      Unemployment rate 3.6% (1997 est.)

      Budget
      revenues: $1.7 billion
      expenditures: $1.8 billion, including capital expenditures of $214 million (1996 est.)

      Industries oil shale, shipbuilding, phosphates, electric motors, excavators, cement, furniture, clothing, textiles, paper, shoes, apparel

      Industrial production growth rate 3% (1996 est.)

      Electricity - capacity 3.287 million kW (1995)

      Electricity - production 8.083 billion kWh (1995)

      Electricity - consumption per capita 4,355 kWh (1995)

      Agriculture - products potatoes, fruits, vegetables; livestock and dairy products; fish

      Exports
      total value: $2 billion (f.o.b., 1996)
      commodities: textiles 16%, food products 16%, machinery and equipment 16%, metals 9% (1995)
      partners: Finland, Russia, Sweden, Germany, Latvia (1995)

      Imports
      total value: $3.2 billion (c.i.f., 1996)
      commodities: machinery and equipment 29%, foodstuffs 14%, minerals 13%, textiles 13%, metals 12% (1995)
      partners: Finland, Russia, Sweden, Germany (1995)

      Debt - external $270 million (January 1996)

      Economic aid
      recipient: ODA, $147 million (1993)
      note: Western commitments $285 million (including international financial institutions)

      Currency 1 Estonian kroon (EEK) = 100 cents (introduced in August 1992)

      Exchange rates krooni (EEK) per US$1 - 14.527 (January 1998), 13.882 (1997), 12.034 (1996), 11.465 (1995), 12.991 (1994), 13.223 (1993); note - krooni are tied to the German deutsche mark at a fixed rate of 8 to 1

      Fiscal year calendar year

      NOTE: The information regarding Estonia on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Estonia Economy 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Estonia Economy 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Please put this page in your BOOKMARKS - - - - -


    Enter your e-mail address to receive e-mail when this page is updated.
    Your Internet e-mail address:


    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb1998/estonia/estonia_economy.html

    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01