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    Finland Geography 1998

      Location Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Sweden and Russia

      Geographic coordinates 64 00 N, 26 00 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 337,030 sq km
      land: 305,470 sq km
      water: 31,560 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Montana

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,628 km
      border countries: Norway 729 km, Sweden 586 km, Russia 1,313 km

      Coastline 1,126 km (excludes islands and coastal indentations)

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 6 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm (in the Gulf of Finland - 3 nm)

      Climate cold temperate; potentially subarctic, but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes

      Terrain mostly low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
      highest point: Haltiatunturi 1,328 m

      Natural resources timber, copper, zinc, iron ore, silver

      Land use
      arable land: 8%
      permanent crops: NA%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 76%
      other: 16% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 640 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues air pollution from manufacturing and power plants contributing to acid rain; water pollution from industrial wastes, agricultural chemicals; habitat loss threatens wildlife populations

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Sulphur 94

      Geography - note long boundary with Russia; Helsinki is northernmost national capital on European continent; population concentrated on small southwestern coastal plain

      NOTE: The information regarding Finland on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Finland Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Finland Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)