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    Hungary Geography 1998

      Location Central Europe, northwest of Romania

      Geographic coordinates 47 00 N, 20 00 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 93,030 sq km
      land: 92,340 sq km
      water: 690 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Indiana

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,009 km
      border countries: Austria 366 km, Croatia 329 km, Romania 443 km, Serbia and Montenegro 151 km (all with Serbia), Slovakia 515 km, Slovenia 102 km, Ukraine 103 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers

      Terrain mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Tisza River 78 m
      highest point: Kekes 1,014 m

      Natural resources bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils

      Land use
      arable land: 51%
      permanent crops: 2%
      permanent pastures: 13%
      forests and woodland: 19%
      other: 15% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 2,060 sq km (1993 est.)

      Environment - current issues the approximation of Hungary's standards in waste management, energy efficiency, and air, soil, and water pollution with environmental requirements for EU accession will require large investments, estimated by the Government of Hungary at $4 billion over six years; the 1997 budget allocated $9.7 million for this purpose; the 1998 budget allocated $11.3 million; the Central Environmental Fund, which collects monies from product charges, environmental fines, and mining taxes, provided approximately $76.2 million in 1997 and is expected to provide $109.5 million in 1998

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note landlocked; strategic location astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraine and Mediterranean basin

      NOTE: The information regarding Hungary on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Hungary Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Hungary Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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