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    Kuwait Economy 1998
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb1998/kuwait/kuwait_economy.html
    SOURCE: 1998 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview Kuwait is a small and relatively open economy with proved crude oil reserves of about 94 billion barrels - 10% of world reserves. Kuwait has rebuilt its war-ravaged petroleum sector; its crude oil production averaged 2 million barrels per day in 1996. Petroleum accounts for nearly half of GDP, 90% of export revenues, and 75% of government income. Kuwait lacks water and has practically no arable land, thus preventing development of agriculture. With the exception of fish, it depends almost wholly on food imports. About 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported. Because of its high per capita income, Kuwait provides its citizens with extensive health, educational, and retirement benefits. The bulk of the work force is non-Kuwaiti, living at a considerably lower level. Per capita military expenditures are among the highest in the world. The economy improved moderately in 1994-97, with the growth in industry and finance. The World Bank has urged Kuwait to push ahead with privatization, including in the oil industry, but the government will move slowly on opening the petroleum sector.

      GDP purchasing power parity - $46.3 billion (1997 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate 1% (1997 est.)

      GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $22,300 (1997 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector
      agriculture: 0%
      industry: 53%
      services: 47% (1996)

      Inflation rate - consumer price index 3.2% (1996)

      Labor force
      total: 1.1 million (1996 est.)
      by occupation: government and social services 50%, services 40%, industry and agriculture 10% (1996 est.)
      note: 68% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (July 1998 est.)

      Unemployment rate 1.8% (official 1996 est.)

      Budget
      revenues: $10.3 billion
      expenditures: $14.5 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY97/98 est.)

      Industries petroleum, petrochemicals, desalination, food processing, construction materials, salt, construction

      Industrial production growth rate 1% (1997 est.)

      Electricity - capacity 6.988 million kW (1995)

      Electricity - production 25 billion kWh (1995)

      Electricity - consumption per capita 13,756 kWh (1995)

      Agriculture - products practically no crops; extensive fishing in territorial waters

      Exports
      total value: $14.7 billion (f.o.b., 1996)
      commodities: oil and refined products, fertilizers
      partners: Japan 29%, US 16%, Netherlands 13%, Singapore 12% (1996 est.)

      Imports
      total value: $7.7 billion (f.o.b., 1996)
      commodities : food, construction materials, vehicles and parts, clothing
      partners: US 31%, UK 14%, Japan 13%, Germany 8%, Italy 7% (1996 est.)

      Debt - external $8 billion (1995 est.)

      Economic aid $NA

      Currency 1 Kuwaiti dinar (KD) = 1,000 fils

      Exchange rates Kuwaiti dinars (KD) per US$1 - 0.3055 (January 1998), 0.3033 (1997), 0.2994 (1996), 0.2984 (1995), 0.2976 (1994), 0.3017 (1993)

      Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June

      NOTE: The information regarding Kuwait on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kuwait Economy 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kuwait Economy 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb1998/kuwait/kuwait_economy.html

    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01