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    Netherlands Geography 1998

      Location Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany

      Geographic coordinates 52 30 N, 5 45 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 41,526 sq km
      land: 33,889 sq km
      water: 7,637 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,027 km
      border countries: Belgium 450 km, Germany 577 km

      Coastline 451 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters

      Terrain mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Prins Alexanderpolder -7 m
      highest point: Vaalserberg 321 m

      Natural resources natural gas, petroleum, fertile soil

      Land use
      arable land: 27%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 31%
      forests and woodland: 10%
      other: 31% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 5,600 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards the extensive system of dikes and dams, protects nearly one-half of the total area from being flooded

      Environment - current issues water pollution in the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity

      Geography - note located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)

      NOTE: The information regarding Netherlands on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Netherlands Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Netherlands Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)