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    Taiwan Economy 1998
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb1998/taiwan/taiwan_economy.html
    SOURCE: 1998 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview Taiwan has a dynamic capitalist economy with gradually decreasing guidance of investment and foreign trade by government authorities and partial government ownership of some large banks and industrial firms. Spillover from the Asian financial crisis hit Taiwan in the fourth quarter of 1997, wreaking havoc on the stock and currency markets. While the economy remains sound (the government forecasts 6% GDP growth for 1998), the New Taiwan Dollar depreciated 20% in 1997. Real growth in GDP has averaged about 8.5% a year during the past three decades. Export growth has been even faster and has provided the impetus for industrialization. Inflation and unemployment are low. Agriculture contributes only 3% to GDP, down from 35% in 1952. Traditional labor-intensive industries are steadily being moved off-shore and replaced with more capital- and technology-intensive industries. Taiwan has become a major investor in China, Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, and Vietnam. The tightening of labor markets has led to an influx of foreign workers, both legal and illegal.

      GDP purchasing power parity - $308 billion (1997 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate 6.8% (1997 est.)

      GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $14,200 (1997 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector
      agriculture: 3.3%
      industry: 35.7%
      services: 61% (1996)

      Inflation rate - consumer price index 0.9% (1997)

      Labor force
      total: 9.4 million (1997)
      by occupation: services 52%, industry 38%, agriculture 10% (1996 est.)

      Unemployment rate 2.7% (1997)

      Budget
      revenues: $40 billion
      expenditures: $55 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1998 est.)

      Industries electronics, textiles, chemicals, clothing, food processing, plywood, sugar milling, cement, shipbuilding, petroleum refining

      Industrial production growth rate 7% (1997)

      Electricity - capacity 23.763 million kW (1996)

      Electricity - production 124.973 billion kWh (1996)

      Electricity - consumption per capita 5,500 kWh (1995)

      Agriculture - products rice, wheat, corn, soybeans, vegetables, fruit, tea; pigs, poultry, beef, milk; fish

      Exports
      total value: $122.1 billion (f.o.b., 1997)
      commodities: machinery and electrical equipment 21.7%, electronic products 14.8%, information/communications 11.8%, textile products 11.6% (1997)
      partners: US 24.2%, Hong Kong 23.5%, Europe 15.1%, Japan 9.6% (1997)

      Imports
      total value: $114.4 billion (c.i.f., 1997)
      commodities: machinery and electrical equipment 16.5%, electronic products 16.3%, chemicals 10.0%, precision instrument 5.6% (1997)
      partners: Japan 25.4%, US 20.3%, Europe 18.9%, Hong Kong 1.7% (1997)

      Debt - external $80 million (1997 est.)

      Economic aid $NA

      Currency 1 New Taiwan dollar (NT$) = 100 cents

      Exchange rates New Taiwan dollars per US$1 - 32.45 (yearend 1997), 27.5 (1996), 27.4 (1995), 26.2 (1994), 26.6 (1993), 25.4 (1992)

      Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June

      NOTE: The information regarding Taiwan on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Taiwan Economy 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Taiwan Economy 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb1998/taiwan/taiwan_economy.html

    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr12/21/01