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    Tonga Government 1998

      Country name
      conventional long form: Kingdom of Tonga
      conventional short form: Tonga
      former: Friendly Islands

      Data code TN

      Government type hereditary constitutional monarchy

      National capital Nuku'alofa

      Administrative divisions three island groups; Ha'apai, Tongatapu, Vava'u

      Independence 4 June 1970 (emancipation from UK protectorate)

      National holiday Emancipation Day, 4 June (1970)

      Constitution 4 November 1875, revised 1 January 1967

      Legal system based on English law

      Suffrage 21 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: King Taufa'ahau TUPOU IV (since 16 December 1965)
      head of government: Prime Minister Baron VAEA (since 22 August 1991) and Deputy Prime Minister S. Langi KAVALIKU (since 22 August 1991)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the king
      note: there is also a Privy Council that consists of the king and the Cabinet
      elections: none; the king is a constitutional monarch; prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed for life by the king

      Legislative branch unicameral Legislative Assembly or Fale Alea (30 seats - 12 reserved for cabinet ministers sitting ex officio, nine for nobles selected by the country's 33 nobles, and nine elected by popular vote; members serve three-year terms)
      elections: last held 24-25 January 1996 (next to be held NA February 1999)
      election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - 7 proreform, 2 traditionalist

      Judicial branch Supreme Court, judges are appointed by the king; Privy Council with the addition of the chief justice of the Supreme Court sits as the Court of Appeal

      Political parties and leaders Tonga People's Party, Viliami FUKOFUKA

      International organization participation ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, IMF, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, ITU, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WMO, WTrO (applicant)

      Diplomatic representation in the US Tonga does not have an embassy in the US; Ambassador Akosita FINEANGANOFO, resides in London
      consulate(s) general : San Francisco

      Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Tonga; the ambassador to Fiji is accredited to Tonga

      Flag description red with a bold red cross on a white rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner

      NOTE: The information regarding Tonga on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tonga Government 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tonga Government 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
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