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    Tunisia Geography 1998

      Location Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya

      Geographic coordinates 34 00 N, 9 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 163,610 sq km
      land: 155,360 sq km
      water: 8,250 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than Georgia

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,424 km
      border countries: Algeria 965 km, Libya 459 km

      Coastline 1,148 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south

      Terrain mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Shatt al Gharsah -17 m
      highest point: Jabal ash Shanabi 1,544 m

      Natural resources petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt

      Land use
      arable land: 19%
      permanent crops: 13%
      permanent pastures: 20%
      forests and woodland: 4%
      other: 44% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 3,850 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues toxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and presents human health risks; water pollution from raw sewage; limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note strategic location in central Mediterranean

      NOTE: The information regarding Tunisia on this page is re-published from the 1998 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tunisia Geography 1998 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tunisia Geography 1998 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-Dec-01
    Copyright © 2001 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)