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    Afghanistan Geography - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/afghanistan/afghanistan_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran

      Geographic coordinates 33 00 N, 65 00 E

      Map references Asia

      Area
      total: 647,500 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 647,500 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries
      total: 5,529 km
      border countries: China 76 km, Iran 936 km, Pakistan 2,430 km, Tajikistan 1,206 km, Turkmenistan 744 km, Uzbekistan 137 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers

      Terrain mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Amu Darya 258 m
      highest point: Nowshak 7,485 m

      Natural resources natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones

      Land use
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 88% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 23,860 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards damaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; flooding; droughts

      Environment - current issues limited natural fresh water resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil degradation; overgrazing; deforestation (much of the remaining forests are being cut down for fuel and building materials); desertification; air and water pollution

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note landlocked; the Hindu Kush mountains that run northeast to southwest divide the northern provinces from the rest of the country; the highest peaks are in the northern Vakhan (Wakhan Corridor)

      NOTE: The information regarding Afghanistan on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Afghanistan Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Afghanistan Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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