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    Afghanistan Government - 2002

      Country name
      conventional long form: Islamic State of Afghanistan
      conventional short form: Afghanistan
      local short form: Afghanestan
      former: Republic of Afghanistan
      local long form: Dowlat-e Eslami-ye Afghanestan

      Government type transitional

      Capital Kabul

      Administrative divisions 32 provinces (velayat, singular - velayat); Badakhshan, Badghis, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamian, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghowr, Helmand, Herat, Jowzjan, Kabol, Kandahar, Kapisa, Konar, Kondoz, Laghman, Lowgar, Nangarhar, Nimruz, Oruzgan, Paktia, Paktika, Parvan, Samangan, Sar-e Pol, Takhar, Vardak, Zabol, Nurestan, and Khowst

      Independence 19 August 1919 (from UK control over Afghan foreign affairs)

      National holiday Independence Day, 19 August (1919)

      Constitution the Bonn Agreement calls for a Constitutional Loya Jirga (Grand Council) to be convened within 18 months of the establishment of the Transitional Authority to draft a new constitution for the country; the basis for the next constitution is the 1963/64 Constitution, according to the Bonn Agreement

      Legal system the Bonn Agreement calls for a judicial commission to rebuild the justice system in accordance with Islamic principles, international standards, the rule of law, and Afghan legal traditions

      Suffrage NA; previously males 15-50 years of age

      Executive branch note: following the Taliban's refusal to hand over Usama bin LADIN to the US for his suspected involvement in the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in the US, a US-led international coalition was formed; after several weeks of aerial bombardment by coalition forces and military action on the ground, including Afghan opposition forces, the Taliban was ousted from power on 17 November 2001; in December 2001 a number of prominent Afghans met under UN auspices in Bonn, Germany, to decide on a plan for governing the country; as a result, the Afghan Interim Authority (AIA) - made up of 30 members, headed by a chairman and five deputy chairmen - was inaugurated on 22 December 2001 with about a six-month mandate to be followed by a two-year Transitional Authority (TA) after which elections are to be held; the structure of the follow-on TA will be announced on 10 June 2002 when the Loya Jirga (grand assembly) is convened
      chief of state: Chairman of the AIA, Hamad KARZAI (since 22 December 2001); note - presently the chairman is both chief of state and head of government
      head of government: Chairman of the AIA, Hamad KARZAI (since 22 December 2001); note - presently the chairman is both chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: the 30-member AIA
      elections: NA

      Legislative branch nonfunctioning as of June 1993

      Judicial branch the Bonn Agreement calls for the establishment of a Supreme Court

      Political parties and leaders NA; note - political parties in Afghanistan are in flux and many prominent players have plans to create new parties; the three main groups represented in the Afghan Interim Authority (AIA) are: the Northern Alliance (also known as the United Islamic Front for the Salvation of Afghanistan) - the main opposition to the Taliban - composed of different ethnic and political groups; the Rome Group, associated with the former king of Afghanistan, composed mainly of expatriate Afghans; and the Peshawar Group, another expatriate group; there are also several "independent" groups

      Political pressure groups and leaders NA; note - ministries formed under the Afghan Interim Authority(AIA) include former pressure group leaders

      International organization participation AsDB, CP, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IOC (suspended), IOM (observer), ITU, NAM, OIC, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WToO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: ambassador Ishaq SHAHRYAR (as of 19 June 2002)
      chancery: 2341 Wyoming Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20008
      FAX: 202-483-6487
      consulate(s) general: New York
      telephone: 202-483-6410

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Robert Patrick John FINN; note - embassy in Kabul reopened 16 December 2001 following closure in January 1989
      embassy: Great Masood Road, Kabul
      mailing address: NA
      telephone: 93-2-290002-290005
      FAX: NA

      Flag description three equal vertical bands of black (hoist), red, and green with a gold emblem centered on the red band; the emblem features a temple-like structure encircled by a wreath on the left and right and by a bold Islamic inscription above

      NOTE: The information regarding Afghanistan on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Afghanistan Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Afghanistan Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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