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    Angola Geography - 2002

      Location Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Geographic coordinates 12 30 S, 18 30 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 1,246,700 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 1,246,700 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries
      total: 5,198 km
      border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,511 km (of which 225 km is the boundary of discontiguous Cabinda Province), Republic of the Congo 201 km, Namibia 1,376 km, Zambia 1,110 km

      Coastline 1,600 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate semiarid in south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool, dry season (May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April)

      Terrain narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Morro de Moco 2,620 m

      Natural resources petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium

      Land use
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 1%
      other: 97% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 750 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau

      Environment - current issues overuse of pastures and subsequent soil erosion attributable to population pressures; desertification; deforestation of tropical rain forest, in response to both international demand for tropical timber and to domestic use as fuel, resulting in loss of biodiversity; soil erosion contributing to water pollution and siltation of rivers and dams; inadequate supplies of potable water

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note Cabinda is separated from rest of country by the Democratic Republic of the Congo

      NOTE: The information regarding Angola on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Angola Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Angola Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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