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    Argentina Geography - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/argentina/argentina_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay

      Geographic coordinates 34 00 S, 64 00 W

      Map references South America

      Area
      total: 2,766,890 sq km
      land: 2,736,690 sq km
      water: 30,200 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US

      Land boundaries
      total: 9,665 km
      border countries: Bolivia 832 km, Brazil 1,224 km, Chile 5,150 km, Paraguay 1,880 km, Uruguay 579 km

      Coastline 4,989 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin

      Climate mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest

      Terrain rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Salinas Chicas -40 m (located on Peninsula Valdes)
      highest point: Cerro Aconcagua 6,960 m

      Natural resources fertile plains of the Pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium

      Land use
      arable land: 9%
      permanent crops: 1%
      other: 90% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 15,610 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the Pampas and northeast; heavy flooding

      Environment - current issues environmental problems (urban and rural) typical of an industrializing economy such as deforestation, soil degradation, desertification, air pollution, and water pollution
      note: Argentina is a world leader in setting voluntary greenhouse gas targets

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note second-largest country in South America (after Brazil); strategic location relative to sea lanes between the South Atlantic and the South Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); Cerro Aconcagua is South America's tallest mountain, while the Valdes Peninsula is the lowest point on the continent

      NOTE: The information regarding Argentina on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Argentina Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Argentina Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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