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    Belarus Economy - 2002
    https://greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/belarus/belarus_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview Belarus has seen little structural reform since 1995, when President LUKASHENKO launched the country on the path of "market socialism." In keeping with this policy, LUKASHENKO reimposed administrative controls over prices and currency exchange rates and expanded the state's right to intervene in the management of private enterprise. In addition to the burdens imposed by high inflation and persistent trade deficits, businesses have been subject to pressure on the part of central and local governments, e.g., arbitrary changes in regulations, numerous rigorous inspections, retroactive application of new business regulations, and arrests of "disruptive" businessmen and factory owners. Close relations with Russia, possibly leading to reunion, color the pattern of economic developments. For the time being, Belarus remains self-isolated from the West and its open-market economies.

      GDP purchasing power parity - $84.8 billion (2001 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate 4.1% (2001 est.)

      GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $8,200 (2001 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector
      agriculture: 13%
      industry: 42%
      services: 45% (2000)

      Population below poverty line 22% (1995 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share
      lowest 10%: 5.1%
      highest 10%: 20% (1998)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index 21.7 (1998)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices) 46.1% (2001 est.)

      Labor force 4.8 million (2000)

      Labor force - by occupation industry and construction NA%, agriculture and forestry NA%, services NA%

      Unemployment rate 2.1% officially registered unemployed (December 2000); large number of underemployed workers

      Budget
      revenues: $4 billion
      expenditures: $4.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $180 million (1997 est.)

      Industries metal-cutting machine tools, tractors, trucks, earthmovers, motorcycles, television sets, chemical fibers, fertilizer, textiles, radios, refrigerators

      Industrial production growth rate 5.4% (2001 est.)

      Electricity - production 24.66 billion kWh (2000)

      Electricity - production by source
      fossil fuel: 99.51%
      hydro: 0.08%
      other: 0.41% (2000)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption 26.78 billion kWh (2000)

      Electricity - exports 300 million kWh (2000)

      Electricity - imports 4.15 billion kWh (2000)

      Agriculture - products grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beets, flax; beef, milk

      Exports $7.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001)

      Exports - commodities machinery and equipment, mineral products, chemicals, textiles, foodstuffs, metals

      Exports - partners Russia 51%, Ukraine 8%, Poland 4%, Germany 3% (2000)

      Imports $8.1 billion (f.o.b., 2001)

      Imports - commodities mineral products, machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs, metals

      Imports - partners Russia 65%, Germany 7%, Poland 3% (2000)

      Debt - external $770 million (2001 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient $194.3 million (1995)

      Currency Belarusian ruble (BYB/BYR)

      Currency code BYB/BYR

      Exchange rates Belarusian rubles per US dollar - 1,590 (yearend 2001), 1,531.000 (November 2001), 876.750 (2000), 248.795 (1999), 46.127 (1998), 26.020 (1997); note - on 1 January 2000, the national currency was redenominated at one new ruble to 2,000 old rubles

      Fiscal year calendar year

      NOTE: The information regarding Belarus on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Belarus Economy 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Belarus Economy 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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