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    Cameroon Geography - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/cameroon/cameroon_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria

      Geographic coordinates 6 00 N, 12 00 E

      Map references Africa

      Area
      total: 475,440 sq km
      water: 6,000 sq km
      land: 469,440 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than California

      Land boundaries
      total: 4,591 km
      border countries: Central African Republic 797 km, Chad 1,094 km, Republic of the Congo 523 km, Equatorial Guinea 189 km, Gabon 298 km, Nigeria 1,690 km

      Coastline 402 km

      Maritime claims
      territorial sea: 50 NM

      Climate varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north

      Terrain diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Fako (on Cameroon Mountain) 4,095 m

      Natural resources petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower

      Land use
      arable land: 13%
      permanent crops: 3%
      other: 84% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 330 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards volcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes

      Environment - current issues water-borne diseases are prevalent; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; poaching; overfishing

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note sometimes referred to as the hinge of Africa; throughout the country there are areas of thermal springs and indications of current or prior volcanic activity; Mount Cameroon, the highest mountain in Sub-Saharan west Africa, is an active volcano

      NOTE: The information regarding Cameroon on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cameroon Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cameroon Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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