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    Central African Republic Geography - 2002

      Location Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Geographic coordinates 7 00 N, 21 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 622,984 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 622,984 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries
      total: 5,203 km
      border countries: Cameroon 797 km, Chad 1,197 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,577 km, Republic of the Congo 467 km, Sudan 1,165 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers

      Terrain vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Oubangui River 335 m
      highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,420 m

      Natural resources diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower

      Land use
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 97% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common

      Environment - current issues tap water is not potable; poaching has diminished its reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa

      NOTE: The information regarding Central African Republic on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Central African Republic Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Central African Republic Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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