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    Congo, Democratic Republic of the Geography - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/congo_democratic_republic_of_the/congo_democratic_republic_of_the_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location Central Africa, northeast of Angola

      Geographic coordinates 0 00 N, 25 00 E

      Map references Africa

      Area
      total: 2,345,410 sq km
      water: 77,810 sq km
      land: 2,267,600 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly less than one-fourth the size of the US

      Land boundaries
      total: 10,744 km
      border countries: Angola 2,511 km (of which 225 km is the boundary of Angola's discontiguous Cabinda Province), Burundi 233 km, Central African Republic 1,577 km, Republic of the Congo 2,410 km, Rwanda 217 km, Sudan 628 km, Tanzania 473 km, Uganda 765 km, Zambia 1,930 km

      Coastline 37 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: boundaries with neighbors
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate tropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator - wet season April to October, dry season December to February; south of Equator - wet season November to March, dry season April to October

      Terrain vast central basin is a low-lying plateau; mountains in east

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Pic Marguerite on Mont Ngaliema (Mount Stanley) 5,110 m

      Natural resources cobalt, copper, cadmium, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, germanium, uranium, radium, bauxite, iron ore, coal, hydropower, timber

      Land use
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 1%
      other: 96% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 110 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards periodic droughts in south; Congo River floods (seasonal); in the east, in the Great Rift Valley, there are active volcanoes

      Environment - current issues poaching threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; deforestation; refugees responsible for significant deforestation, soil erosion, and wildlife poaching; mining of minerals (coltan - a mineral used in creating capacitors, diamonds, and gold) causing environmental damage

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

      Geography - note straddles Equator; has very narrow strip of land that controls the lower Congo River and is only outlet to South Atlantic Ocean; dense tropical rain forest in central river basin and eastern highlands

      NOTE: The information regarding Congo, Democratic Republic of the on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Congo, Democratic Republic of the Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Congo, Democratic Republic of the Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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