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    Congo, Democratic Republic of the People - 2002

      Population 55,225,478
      note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2002 est.)

      Age structure
      0-14 years: 48.2% (male 13,369,493; female 13,256,174)
      15-64 years: 49.3% (male 13,343,303; female 13,860,996)
      65 years and over: 2.5% (male 581,568; female 813,944) (2002 est.)

      Population growth rate 2.79% (2002 est.)

      Birth rate 45.55 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)

      Death rate 14.93 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)

      Net migration rate -2.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population
      note: one million refugees fled into Zaire (now called the Democratic Republic of the Congo or DROC) in 1994 as a result of the ethnic fighting in Rwanda; fighting in the DROC between rebels and government forces in October 1996 caused 875,000 refugees to return to Rwanda in late 1996 and early 1997 and additional refugees have returned in subsequent years; fighting between the Congolese government and Uganda- and Rwanda-backed Congolese rebels spawned a regional war in DROC in August 1998, which left 1.8 million Congolese displaced in DROC and caused 300,000 Congolese refugees to flee to surrounding countries (2002 est.)

      Sex ratio
      at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
      under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
      15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
      65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
      total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2002 est.)

      Infant mortality rate 98.05 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)

      Life expectancy at birth
      total population: 49.13 years
      female: 51.13 years (2002 est.)
      male: 47.19 years

      Total fertility rate 6.77 children born/woman (2002 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 5.07% (1999 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 1.1 million (1999 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - deaths 95,000 (1999 est.)

      noun: Congolese (singular and plural)
      adjective: Congolese or Congo

      Ethnic groups over 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population

      Religions Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs 10%

      Languages French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba

      definition: age 15 and over can read and write French, Lingala, Kingwana, or Tshiluba
      total population: 77.3%
      male: 86.6%
      female: 67.7% (1995 est.)

      NOTE: The information regarding Congo, Democratic Republic of the on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Congo, Democratic Republic of the People 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Congo, Democratic Republic of the People 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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