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    Cyprus Geography - 2002

      Location Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey

      Geographic coordinates 35 00 N, 33 00 E

      Map references Middle East

      total: 9,250 sq km (of which 3,355 sq km are in the Turkish Cypriot area)
      water: 10 sq km
      land: 9,240 sq km

      Area - comparative about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 648 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters

      Terrain central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Olympus 1,951 m

      Natural resources copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment

      Land use
      arable land: 10%
      permanent crops: 5%
      other: 85% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 400 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards moderate earthquake activity; droughts

      Environment - current issues water resource problems (no natural reservoir catchments, seasonal disparity in rainfall, sea water intrusion to island's largest aquifer, increased salination in the north); water pollution from sewage and industrial wastes; coastal degradation; loss of wildlife habitats from urbanization

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

      Geography - note the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and Sardinia)

      NOTE: The information regarding Cyprus on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cyprus Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cyprus Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)