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    Egypt Government - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/egypt/egypt_government.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form: Arab Republic of Egypt
      conventional short form: Egypt
      local short form: Misr
      former: United Arab Republic (with Syria)
      local long form: Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah

      Government type republic

      Capital Cairo

      Administrative divisions 26 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Ad Daqahliyah, Al Bahr al Ahmar, Al Buhayrah, Al Fayyum, Al Gharbiyah, Al Iskandariyah, Al Isma'iliyah, Al Jizah, Al Minufiyah, Al Minya, Al Qahirah, Al Qalyubiyah, Al Wadi al Jadid, Ash Sharqiyah, As Suways, Aswan, Asyut, Bani Suwayf, Bur Sa'id, Dumyat, Janub Sina', Kafr ash Shaykh, Matruh, Qina, Shamal Sina', Suhaj

      Independence 28 February 1922 (from UK)

      National holiday Revolution Day, 23 July (1952)

      Constitution 11 September 1971

      Legal system based on English common law, Islamic law, and Napoleonic codes; judicial review by Supreme Court and Council of State (oversees validity of administrative decisions); accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Mohammed Hosni MUBARAK (since 14 October 1981)
      head of government: Prime Minister Atef Mohammed ABEID (since 5 October 1999)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president
      elections: president nominated by the People's Assembly for a six-year term, the nomination must then be validated by a national, popular referendum; national referendum last held 26 September 1999 (next to be held NA October 2005); prime minister appointed by the president
      election results: national referendum validated President MUBARAK's nomination by the People's Assembly to a fourth term

      Legislative branch bicameral system consists of the People's Assembly or Majlis al-Sha'b (454 seats; 444 elected by popular vote, 10 appointed by the president; members serve five-year terms) and the Advisory Council or Majlis al-Shura - which functions only in a consultative role (264 seats; 176 elected by popular vote, 88 appointed by the president; members serve NA-year terms)
      elections: People's Assembly - three-phase voting - last held 19 October, 29 October, 8 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2005); Advisory Council - last held 7 June 1995 (next to be held NA)
      election results: People's Assembly - percent of vote by party - NDP 88%, independents 8%, opposition 4%; seats by party - NDP 398, NWP 7, Tagammu 6, Nasserists 2, LSP 1, independents 38, undecided 2; Advisory Council - percent of vote by party - NDP 99%, independents 1%; seats by party - NA

      Judicial branch Supreme Constitutional Court

      Political parties and leaders Nasserist Arab Democratic Party or Nasserists [Dia' al-din DAWUD]; National Democratic Party or NDP [President Mohammed Hosni MUBARAK] - governing party; National Progressive Unionist Grouping or Tagammu [Khalid MUHI AL-DIN]; New Wafd Party or NWP [No'man GOMA]; Socialist Liberal Party or LSP [leader NA]
      note: formation of political parties must be approved by the government

      Political pressure groups and leaders despite a constitutional ban against religious-based parties, the technically illegal Muslim Brotherhood constitutes MUBARAK's potentially most significant political opposition; MUBARAK tolerated limited political activity by the Brotherhood for his first two terms, but moved more aggressively since then to block its influence; civic society groups are sanctioned, but constrained in practical terms; trade unions and professional associations are officially sanctioned

      International organization participation ABEDA, ACC, ACCT, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, BSEC (observer), CAEU, CCC, EBRD, ECA, ESCWA, FAO, G-15, G-19, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OAU, OIC, OSCE (partner), PCA, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP, UNOMIG, UNRWA, UNTAET, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador M. Nabil FAHMY
      chancery: 3521 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008
      consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, New York, and San Francisco
      FAX: [1] (202) 244-4319
      telephone: [1] (202) 895-5440

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador C. David WELCH (since 3 Aug. 2001)
      embassy: 5 Latin America St., Garden City, Cairo
      mailing address: Unit 64900, APO AE 09839-4900
      telephone: [20] (2) 797-3300
      FAX: [20] (2) 797-3200

      Flag description three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black with the national emblem (a shield superimposed on a golden eagle facing the hoist side above a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic) centered in the white band; similar to the flag of Yemen, which has a plain white band; also similar to the flag of Syria, which has two green stars, and to the flag of Iraq, which has three green stars (plus an Arabic inscription) in a horizontal line centered in the white band

      NOTE: The information regarding Egypt on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Egypt Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Egypt Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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