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    Estonia Government - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/estonia/estonia_government.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form: Republic of Estonia
      conventional short form: Estonia
      local short form: Eesti
      former: Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
      local long form: Eesti Vabariik

      Government type parliamentary republic

      Capital Tallinn

      Administrative divisions 15 counties (maakonnad, singular - maakond): Harjumaa (Tallinn), Hiiumaa (Kardla), Ida-Virumaa (Johvi), Jarvamaa (Paide), Jogevamaa (Jogeva), Laanemaa (Haapsalu), Laane-Virumaa (Rakvere), Parnumaa (Parnu), Polvamaa (Polva), Raplamaa (Rapla), Saaremaa (Kuressaare), Tartumaa (Tartu), Valgamaa (Valga), Viljandimaa (Viljandi), Vorumaa (Voru)
      note: counties have the administrative center name following in parentheses

      Independence regained on 20 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

      National holiday Independence Day, 24 February (1918); note - 24 February 1918 was the date of independence from Soviet Russia, 20 August 1991 was the date of reindependence from the Soviet Union

      Constitution adopted 28 June 1992

      Legal system based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal for all Estonian citizens

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Arnold RUUTEL (since 8 October 2001)
      head of government: Prime Minister Siim KALLAS (since 28 January 2002)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister, approved by Parliament
      election results: Arnold RUUTEL elected president on 21 September 2001 by a 367-member electoral assembly that convened following Parliament's failure in August to elect then-President MERI's successor; on the second ballot of voting, RUUTEL received 188 votes to Parliament Speaker Toomas SAVI's 155; the remaining 24 ballots were either left blank or invalid
      elections: president elected by Parliament for a five-year term; if he or she does not secure two-thirds of the votes after three rounds of balloting in the Parliament, then an electoral assembly (made up of Parliament plus members of local governments) elects the president, choosing between the two candidates with the largest percentage of votes; election last held 21 September 2001 (next to be held in the fall of 2006); prime minister nominated by the president and approved by Parliament

      Legislative branch unicameral Parliament or Riigikogu (101 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Center Party 28, Union of Pro Patria (Fatherland League) 18, Reform Party 18, Moderates 17, Country People's Party (Agrarians) 7, Coalition Party 7, UPPE 6
      elections: last held 7 March 1999 (next to be held NA March 2003)

      Judicial branch National Court (chairman appointed by Parliament for life)

      Political parties and leaders Coalition Party [Mart SIIMANN, chairman]; Estonian Center Party or K [Edgar SAVISAAR, chairman]; Estonian Christian People's Party [Aldo VINKEL]; Estonian Democratic Party [Jean LAAS]; Estonian Independence Party [Vello LEITO]; Estonian People's Union [Villu REILJAN]; note - includes Estonian Country People's Party and two small parties; Estonian Reform Party [Siim KALLAS]; Estonian Social Democratic Labor Party [Tiit TOOMSALU]; Estonian United People's Party or UPPE [Viktor ANDREJEV]; Estonian Unity Party [Igor PISSAREV]; Moderates [Andres TARAND]; New Estonia Party [Ulo NUGIS]; Pro Patria Union [Mart LAAR, chairman]; Republican Party [Kristian-Olari LEPING]; Res Publica [Rein TAAGEPERA]; Russian Baltic Party [Sergei IVANOV]; Russian Party in Estonia [Nikolai MASPANOV]
      note: Country People's Party, formerly under Estonian Rural People's Union, has probably dissolved

      Political pressure groups and leaders NA

      International organization participation BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EU (applicant), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNTSO, UPU, WEU (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Sven JURGENSON
      FAX: [1] (202) 588-0108
      consulate(s) general: New York
      telephone: [1] (202) 588-0101
      chancery: 1730 M Street NW, Suite 503, Washington, DC 20036

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Joseph M. DeTHOMAS (designate)
      embassy: Kentmanni 20, 15099 Tallinn
      mailing address: use embassy street address
      telephone: [372] 668-8100
      FAX: [372] 668-8134

      Flag description pre-1940 flag restored by Supreme Soviet in May 1990 - three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), black, and white

      NOTE: The information regarding Estonia on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Estonia Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Estonia Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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