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    Ethiopia Geography - 2002

      Location Eastern Africa, west of Somalia

      Geographic coordinates 8 00 N, 38 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 1,127,127 sq km
      water: 7,444 sq km
      land: 1,119,683 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries
      total: 5,328 km
      border countries: Djibouti 349 km, Eritrea 912 km, Kenya 861 km, Somalia 1,600 km, Sudan 1,606 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation

      Terrain high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Denakil Depression -125 m
      highest point: Ras Dejen 4,620 m

      Natural resources small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower

      Land use
      arable land: 10%
      permanent crops: 1%
      other: 89% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 1,900 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts

      Environment - current issues deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water shortages in some areas from water-intensive farming and poor management

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note landlocked - entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea on 24 May 1993; the Blue Nile, the chief headstream of the Nile, rises in T'ana Hayk (Lake Tana) in northwest Ethiopia

      NOTE: The information regarding Ethiopia on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ethiopia Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ethiopia Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)