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    Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Economy - 2002

      Economy - overview The economy was formerly based on agriculture, mainly sheep farming, but today fishing contributes the bulk of economic activity. In 1987 the government began selling fishing licenses to foreign trawlers operating within the Falklands exclusive fishing zone. These license fees total more than $40 million per year, which goes to support the island's health, education, and welfare system. Squid accounts for 75% of the fish taken. Dairy farming supports domestic consumption; crops furnish winter fodder. Exports feature shipments of high-grade wool to the UK and the sale of postage stamps and coins. The islands are now self-financing except for defense. The British Geological Survey announced a 200-mile oil exploration zone around the islands in 1993, and early seismic surveys suggest substantial reserves capable of producing 500,000 barrels per day; to date no exploitable site has been identified. An agreement between Argentina and the UK in 1995 seeks to defuse licensing and sovereignty conflicts that would dampen foreign interest in exploiting potential oil reserves. Tourism is increasing rapidly, with about 30,000 visitors in 2001. The second largest source of income is interest paid on money the government has in the bank. The British military presence also provides a sizeable economic boost.

      GDP purchasing power parity - $52 million (1996 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate 1% (FY95/96 est.)

      GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $19,000 (FY95/96 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector
      agriculture: NA%
      industry: NA%
      services: NA%

      Population below poverty line NA%

      Household income or consumption by percentage share
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.6% (1998)

      Labor force 1,100 (est.)

      Labor force - by occupation agriculture 95% (mostly sheepherding and fishing)

      Unemployment rate full employment; labor shortage

      revenues: $66.2 million
      expenditures: $67.9 million, including capital expenditures of $23.2 million (FY98/99 est.)

      Industries wool and fish processing; sale of stamps and coins; tourism

      Industrial production growth rate NA%

      Electricity - production 12 million kWh (1999)

      Electricity - production by source
      fossil fuel: 100%
      hydro: 0%
      other: 0% (1999)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption 11.2 million kWh (1999)

      Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)

      Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)

      Agriculture - products fodder and vegetable crops; sheep, dairy products

      Exports $7.6 million (1995)

      Exports - commodities wool, hides, meat

      Exports - partners UK, Japan, Chile, NZ

      Imports $24.7 million (1995)

      Imports - commodities fuel, food and drink, building materials, clothing

      Imports - partners UK, Japan, Chile, NZ

      Debt - external $NA

      Economic aid - recipient none

      Currency Falkland pound (FKP)

      Currency code FKP

      Exchange rates Falkland pounds per US dollar - 0.6981 (January 2002), 0.6944 (2001), 0.6596 (2000), 0.6180 (1999), 0.6037 (1998), 0.6106 (1997); note - the Falkland pound is at par with the British pound

      Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March

      NOTE: The information regarding Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Economy 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Economy 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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