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    Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Geography - 2002

      Location Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of southern Argentina

      Geographic coordinates 51 45 S, 59 00 W

      Map references South America

      total: 12,173 sq km
      note: includes the two main islands of East and West Falkland and about 200 small islands
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 12,173 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Connecticut

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 1,288 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200 NM
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but does not accumulate

      Terrain rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Usborne 705 m

      Natural resources fish, wildlife

      Land use
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100% (99% permanent pastures, 1% other) (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards strong winds persist throughout the year

      Environment - current issues overfishing by unlicensed vessels is a problem; reindeer were introduced to the islands in 2001 for commercial reasons; this is the only commercial reindeer herd in the world unaffected by the Chornobyl disaster

      Geography - note deeply indented coast provides good natural harbors; short growing season

      NOTE: The information regarding Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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