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    Finland Government - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/finland/finland_government.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form: Republic of Finland
      conventional short form: Finland
      local short form: Suomi
      local long form: Suomen Tasavalta

      Government type republic

      Capital Helsinki

      Administrative divisions 6 provinces (laanit, singular - laani); Aland, Etela-Suomen Laani, Ita-Suomen Laani, Lansi-Suomen Laani, Lappi, Oulun Laani

      Independence 6 December 1917 (from Russia)

      National holiday Independence Day, 6 December (1917)

      Constitution 17 July 1919

      Legal system civil law system based on Swedish law; Supreme Court may request legislation interpreting or modifying laws; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Tarja HALONEN (since 1 March 2000)
      head of government: Prime Minister Paavo LIPPONEN (since 13 April 1995) and Deputy Prime Minister Ville ITALA (since 31 August 2001)
      cabinet: Council of State or Valtioneuvosto appointed by the president, responsible to Parliament
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 6 February 2000 (next to be held NA February 2006); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed from the majority party by the president after parliamentary elections
      note: government coalition - SDP, Kok, Leftist Alliance (People's Democratic Union and Democratic Alternative), SFP, and Green League
      election results: Tarja HALONEN elected president; percent of vote - Tarja HALONEN (SDP) 51.6%, Esko AHO (Kesk) 48.4%

      Legislative branch unicameral Parliament or Eduskunta (200 seats; members are elected by popular vote on a proportional basis to serve four-year terms)
      election results: percent of vote by party - SDP 22.9%, Kesk 22.5%, Kok 21.0%, Leftist Alliance (Communist) 10.9%, SFP 5.1%, Green League 7.2%, SKL 4.2%; seats by party - SDP 51, Kesk 48, Kok 46, Leftist Alliance (Communist) 20, SFP 11, Green League 11, SKL 10, other 3
      elections: last held 21 March 1999 (next to be held NA March 2003)

      Judicial branch Supreme Court or Korkein Oikeus (judges appointed by the president)

      Political parties and leaders Center Party or Kesk [Esko AHO]; Finnish Christian Democratic Party or SKL [C. P. Bjarne KALLIS]; Green League [Osmo SOININVAARA]; Leftist Alliance (Communist) composed of People's Democratic League and Democratic Alternative [Suvi-Anne SIIMES]; National Coalition (conservative) Party or Kok [Ville ITALA]; Social Democratic Party or SDP [Paavo LIPPONEN]; Swedish People's Party or SFP [Jan-Erik ENESTAM]; True Finns [Timo SOINI]

      International organization participation AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 9, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM (guest), NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOGIP, UNMOP, UNMOVIC, UNTSO, UPU, WEU (observer), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO, ZC

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Jukka Robert VALTASAARI
      consulate(s) general: Los Angeles and New York
      FAX: [1] (202) 298-6030
      telephone: [1] (202) 298-5800
      chancery: 3301 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Bonnie McELVEEN-HUNTER
      embassy: Itainen Puistotie 14B, FIN-00140, Helsinki
      mailing address: APO AE 09723
      telephone: [358] (9) 171931
      FAX: [358] (9) 174681

      Flag description white with a blue cross extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)

      NOTE: The information regarding Finland on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Finland Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Finland Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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