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    Georgia Geography - 2002

      Location Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia

      Geographic coordinates 42 00 N, 43 30 E

      Map references Asia

      total: 69,700 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 69,700 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than South Carolina

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,461 km
      border countries: Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km

      Coastline 310 km

      Maritime claims NA

      Climate warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast

      Terrain largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
      highest point: Mt'a Mqinvartsveri 5,047 m

      Natural resources forests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth

      Land use
      arable land: 11%
      permanent crops: 4%
      other: 85% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 4,700 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards earthquakes

      Environment - current issues air pollution, particularly in Rust'avi; heavy pollution of Mtkvari River and the Black Sea; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil pollution from toxic chemicals

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note strategically located east of the Black Sea; Georgia controls much of the Caucasus Mountains and the routes through them

      NOTE: The information regarding Georgia on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Georgia Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Georgia Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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