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    Guinea Geography - 2002

      Location Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone

      Geographic coordinates 11 00 N, 10 00 W

      Map references Africa

      total: 245,857 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 245,857 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Oregon

      Land boundaries
      total: 3,399 km
      border countries: Cote d'Ivoire 610 km, Guinea-Bissau 386 km, Liberia 563 km, Mali 858 km, Senegal 330 km, Sierra Leone 652 km

      Coastline 320 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds

      Terrain generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mont Nimba 1,752 m

      Natural resources bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish

      Land use
      arable land: 4%
      permanent crops: 2%
      other: 94% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 950 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season

      Environment - current issues deforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; overfishing, overpopulation in forest region; poor mining practices have led to environmental damage

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note the Niger and its important tributary the Milo have their sources in the Guinean highlands

      NOTE: The information regarding Guinea on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guinea Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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