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    Guyana Geography - 2002

      Location Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela

      Geographic coordinates 5 00 N, 59 00 W

      Map references South America

      total: 214,970 sq km
      water: 18,120 sq km
      land: 196,850 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Idaho

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,462 km
      border countries: Brazil 1,119 km, Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km

      Coastline 459 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the outer edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to mid-August, mid-November to mid-January)

      Terrain mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Roraima 2,835 m

      Natural resources bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish

      Land use
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 98% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 1,500 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons

      Environment - current issues water pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note the third-smallest country in South America after Suriname and Uruguay; substantial portions of its western and eastern territories are claimed by Venezuela and Suriname respectively

      NOTE: The information regarding Guyana on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guyana Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guyana Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)