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    Howland Island Geography - 2002

      Location Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and Australia

      Geographic coordinates 0 48 N, 176 38 W

      Map references Oceania

      total: 1.6 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 1.6 sq km

      Area - comparative about three times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 6.4 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun

      Terrain low-lying, nearly level, sandy, coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef; depressed central area

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location 3 m

      Natural resources guano (deposits worked until late 1800s), terrestrial and aquatic wildlife

      Land use
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 0 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

      Environment - current issues no natural fresh water resources

      Geography - note almost totally covered with grasses, prostrate vines, and low-growing shrubs; small area of trees in the center; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife

      NOTE: The information regarding Howland Island on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Howland Island Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Howland Island Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)