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    Iceland Government - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/iceland/iceland_government.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form: Republic of Iceland
      conventional short form: Iceland
      local short form: Island
      local long form: Lydhveldidh Island

      Government type constitutional republic

      Capital Reykjavik

      Administrative divisions 23 counties (syslar, singular - sysla) and 14 independent towns* (kaupstadhir, singular - kaupstadhur); Akranes*, Akureyri*, Arnessysla, Austur-Bardhastrandarsysla, Austur-Hunavatnssysla, Austur-Skaftafellssysla, Borgarfjardharsysla, Dalasysla, Eyjafjardharsysla, Gullbringusysla, Hafnarfjordhur*, Husavik*, Isafjordhur*, Keflavik*, Kjosarsysla, Kopavogur*, Myrasysla, Neskaupstadhur*, Nordhur-Isafjardharsysla, Nordhur-Mulasys-la, Nordhur-Thingeyjarsysla, Olafsfjordhur*, Rangarvallasysla, Reykjavik*, Saudharkrokur*, Seydhisfjordhur*, Siglufjordhur*, Skagafjardharsysla, Snaefellsnes-og Hnappadalssysla, Strandasysla, Sudhur-Mulasysla, Sudhur-Thingeyjarsysla, Vesttmannaeyjar*, Vestur-Bardhastrandarsysla, Vestur-Hunavatnssysla, Vestur-Isafjardharsysla, Vestur-Skaftafellssysla
      note: there may be four other counties

      Independence 17 June 1944 (from Denmark)

      National holiday Independence Day, 17 June (1944)

      Constitution 16 June 1944, effective 17 June 1944

      Legal system civil law system based on Danish law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON (since 1 August 1996)
      head of government: Prime Minister David ODDSSON (since 30 April 1991)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister and approved by Parliament
      election results: Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON ran unopposed in 2000 and was reelected
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 29 June 1996 (next to be held NA June 2004); President GRIMSSON ran unopposed in June 2000 so there were no elections; prime minister appointed by the president

      Legislative branch unicameral Parliament or Althing (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      election results: percent of vote by party - Independence Party 40.7%, The Alliance (PA, People's Party, Women's List) 26.8%, Progressive Party 18.4%, Left-Green Alliance 9.1%, Liberal Party 4.2%; seats by party - Independence Party 26, The Alliance 17, Progressive Party 12, Left-Green Alliance 6, Liberal Party 2
      elections: last held 8 May 1999 (next to be held by April 2003)

      Judicial branch Supreme Court or Haestirettur (justices are appointed for life by the president)

      Political parties and leaders Independence Party (conservative) or IP [David ODDSSON]; Left-Green Alliance [Steingrimur SIGFUSSON]; Liberal Party [Sverrir HERMANNSSON]; People's Party (Social Democratic Party) or SDP [Sighvatur BJORGVINSSON]; Progressive Party (liberal) or PP [Halldor ASGRIMSSON]; The Alliance (includes People's Alliance or PA, Social Democratic Party or SVP, People's Movement, Women's List) [Ossur SKARPHEDINSSON]; Women's List or WL [Kristin ASTGEIRSDOTTIR]

      Political pressure groups and leaders NA

      International organization participation Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EFTA, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA (observer), IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNU, UPU, WEU (associate), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Jon-Baldvin HANNIBALSSON
      chancery: Suite 1200, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005-1704
      consulate(s) general: New York
      FAX: [1] (202) 265-6656
      telephone: [1] (202) 265-6653

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Barbara J. GRIFFITHS
      embassy: Laufasvegur 21, 101 Reykjavik
      mailing address: US Embassy, PSC 1003, Box 40, FPO AE 09728-0340
      telephone: [354] 5629100
      FAX: [354] 5629123

      Flag description blue with a red cross outlined in white extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)

      NOTE: The information regarding Iceland on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Iceland Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Iceland Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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