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    Japan Geography - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/japan/japan_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula

      Geographic coordinates 36 00 N, 138 00 E

      Map references Asia

      Area
      total: 377,835 sq km
      note: includes Bonin Islands (Ogasawara-gunto), Daito-shoto, Minami-jima, Okino-tori-shima, Ryukyu Islands (Nansei-shoto), and Volcano Islands (Kazan-retto)
      water: 3,091 sq km
      land: 374,744 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than California

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 29,751 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM; between 3 NM and 12 NM in the international straits - La Perouse or Soya, Tsugaru, Osumi, and Eastern and Western Channels of the Korea or Tsushima Strait
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north

      Terrain mostly rugged and mountainous

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Hachiro-gata -4 m
      highest point: Fujiyama 3,776 m

      Natural resources negligible mineral resources, fish

      Land use
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 1%
      other: 87% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 26,790 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards many dormant and some active volcanoes; about 1,500 seismic occurrences (mostly tremors) every year; tsunamis; typhoons

      Environment - current issues air pollution from power plant emissions results in acid rain; acidification of lakes and reservoirs degrading water quality and threatening aquatic life; Japan is one of the largest consumers of fish and tropical timber, contributing to the depletion of these resources in Asia and elsewhere

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note strategic location in northeast Asia

      NOTE: The information regarding Japan on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Japan Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Japan Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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