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    Korea, South Geography - 2002

      Location Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea

      Geographic coordinates 37 00 N, 127 30 E

      Map references Asia

      total: 98,480 sq km
      land: 98,190 sq km
      water: 290 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than Indiana

      Land boundaries
      total: 238 km
      border countries: North Korea 238 km

      Coastline 2,413 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM; between 3 NM and 12 NM in the Korea Strait
      continental shelf: not specified
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter

      Terrain mostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m
      highest point: Halla-san 1,950 m

      Natural resources coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential

      Land use
      arable land: 17%
      permanent crops: 2%
      other: 81% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 11,590 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards occasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; low-level seismic activity common in southwest

      Environment - current issues air pollution in large cities; acid rain; water pollution from the discharge of sewage and industrial effluents; drift net fishing

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note strategic location on Korea Strait

      NOTE: The information regarding Korea, South on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Korea, South Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Korea, South Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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