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    Latvia Government - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/latvia/latvia_government.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form: Republic of Latvia
      conventional short form: Latvia
      local short form: Latvija
      former: Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic
      local long form: Latvijas Republika

      Government type parliamentary democracy

      Capital Riga

      Administrative divisions 26 counties (singular - rajons) and 7 municipalities*: Aizkraukles Rajons, Aluksnes Rajons, Balvu Rajons, Bauskas Rajons, Cesu Rajons, Daugavpils*, Daugavpils Rajons, Dobeles Rajons, Gulbenes Rajons, Jekabpils Rajons, Jelgava*, Jelgavas Rajons, Jurmala*, Kraslavas Rajons, Kuldigas Rajons, Liepaja*, Liepajas Rajons, Limbazu Rajons, Ludzas Rajons, Madonas Rajons, Ogres Rajons, Preilu Rajons, Rezekne*, Rezeknes Rajons, Riga*, Rigas Rajons, Saldus Rajons, Talsu Rajons, Tukuma Rajons, Valkas Rajons, Valmieras Rajons, Ventspils*, Ventspils Rajons

      Independence 21 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

      National holiday Independence Day, 18 November (1918); note - 18 November 1918 is the date of independence from Soviet Russia, 21 August 1991 is the date of independence from the Soviet Union

      Constitution the 1991 Constitutional Law which supplements the 1922 constitution, provides for basic rights and freedoms

      Legal system based on civil law system

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal for Latvian citizens

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Vaira VIKE-FREIBERGA (since 8 July 1999)
      head of government: Prime Minister Andris BERZINS (since 5 May 2000)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and appointed by the Parliament
      elections: president elected by Parliament for a four-year term; election last held 17 June 1999 (next to be held by June 2003); prime minister appointed by the president
      election results: Vaira VIKE-FREIBERGA elected as a compromise candidate in second phase of balloting, second round (after five rounds in first phase failed to produce a clear winner); percent of parliamentary vote - Vaira VIKE-FREIBERGA 53%, Valdis BIRKAVS 20%, Ingrida UDRE 9%

      Legislative branch unicameral Parliament or Saeima (100 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 3 October 1998 (next to be held NA October 2002)
      election results: percent of vote by party - People's Party 21%, LC 18%, TSP 14%, TB/LNNK 14%, Social Democrats 13%, New Party 7%; seats by party - People's Party 24, LC 21, TB/LNNK 17, TSP 16, Social Democrats 14, New Party 8

      Judicial branch Supreme Court (judges' appointments are confirmed by Parliament)

      Political parties and leaders Anticommunist Union or PA [P. MUCENIEKS]; Christian Democrat Union or LKDS [Talavs JUNDZIS]; Christian People's Party or KTP [Uldis AUGSTKALNS]; Democratic Party "Saimnieks" or DPS [Ziedonis CEVERS, chairman]; For Fatherland and Freedom or TB [Maris GRINBLATS], merged with LNNK; For Human Rights in a United Latvia [Janis JURKANS], a coalition of the People's Harmony Party or TSP, the Latvian Socialist Party or LSP, and the Equal Rights Movement; Green Party or LZP [Olegs BATAREVSKI]; Latvian Liberal Party or LLP [J. DANOSS]; Latvian National Conservative Party or LNNK [Andrejs KRASTINS]; Latvian National Democratic Party or LNDP [A. MALINS]; Latvian Social-Democratic Workers Party (Social Democrats) or LSDWU [Juris BOJARS and Janis ADAMSONS]; Latvian Unity Party or LVP [Alberis KAULS]; Latvia's Way or LC [Andrei PANTELEJEVS]; New Christian Party [Ainars SLESERS]; New Faction [Ingrida UDRE]; New Party [leader NA]; New Times Party [Einars REPSE]; "Our Land" or MZ [M. DAMBEKALNE]; Party of Russian Citizens or LKPP [V. SOROCHIN, V. IVANOV]; People's Party [Andris SKELE]; Political Union of Economists or TPA [Edvins KIDE]

      Political pressure groups and leaders NA

      International organization participation BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EU (applicant), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NSG, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WEU (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Aivis RONIS
      FAX: [1] (202) 726-6785
      telephone: [1] (202) 726-8213, 8214
      chancery: 4325 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20011

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Brian E. CARLSON
      embassy: 7 Raina Boulevard, Riga LV-1510
      mailing address: American Embassy Riga, PSC 78, Box Riga, APO AE 09723
      telephone: [371] 721-0005
      FAX: [371] 782-0047

      Flag description three horizontal bands of maroon (top), white (half-width), and maroon

      NOTE: The information regarding Latvia on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Latvia Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Latvia Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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