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    Libya Geography - 2002

      Location Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia

      Geographic coordinates 25 00 N, 17 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 1,759,540 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 1,759,540 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than Alaska

      Land boundaries
      total: 4,348 km
      border countries: Algeria 982 km, Chad 1,055 km, Egypt 1,115 km, Niger 354 km, Sudan 383 km, Tunisia 459 km

      Coastline 1,770 km

      Maritime claims
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      note: Gulf of Sidra closing line - 32 degrees, 30 minutes north

      Climate Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior

      Terrain mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 m
      highest point: Bikku Bitti 2,267 m

      Natural resources petroleum, natural gas, gypsum

      Land use
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 99% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 4,700 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall; dust storms, sandstorms

      Environment - current issues desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources; the Great Manmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world, is being built to bring water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note more than 90% of the country is desert or semidesert

      NOTE: The information regarding Libya on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Libya Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Libya Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)