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    Libya Government - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/libya/libya_government.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form: Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
      conventional short form: Libya
      local short form: none
      local long form: Al Jumahiriyah al Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al Ishtirakiyah al Uzma

      Government type Jamahiriya (a state of the masses) in theory, governed by the populace through local councils; in fact, a military dictatorship

      Capital Tripoli

      Administrative divisions 25 municipalities (baladiyat, singular - baladiyah); Ajdabiya, Al 'Aziziyah, Al Fatih, Al Jabal al Akhdar, Al Jufrah, Al Khums, Al Kufrah, An Nuqat al Khams, Ash Shati', Awbari, Az Zawiyah, Banghazi, Darnah, Ghadamis, Gharyan, Misratah, Murzuq, Sabha, Sawfajjin, Surt, Tarabulus, Tarhunah, Tubruq, Yafran, Zlitan; note - the 25 municipalities may have been replaced by 13 regions

      Independence 24 December 1951 (from Italy)

      National holiday Revolution Day, 1 September (1969)

      Constitution 11 December 1969, amended 2 March 1977

      Legal system based on Italian civil law system and Islamic law; separate religious courts; no constitutional provision for judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

      Executive branch
      chief of state: Revolutionary Leader Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI (since 1 September 1969); note - holds no official title, but is de facto chief of state
      elections: national elections are indirect through a hierarchy of people's committees; head of government elected by the General People's Congress; election last held 2 March 2000 (next to be held NA)
      election results: Mubarak al-SHAMEKH elected premier; percent of General People's Congress vote - NA%
      cabinet: General People's Committee established by the General People's Congress
      head of government: Secretary of the General People's Committee (Premier) Mubarak al-SHAMEKH (since 2 March 2000)

      Legislative branch unicameral General People's Congress (NA seats; members elected indirectly through a hierarchy of people's committees)

      Judicial branch Supreme Court

      Political parties and leaders none

      Political pressure groups and leaders various Arab nationalist movements with almost negligible memberships may be functioning clandestinely, as well as some Islamic elements

      International organization participation ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, AMU, CAEU, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OAU, OIC, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO

      Diplomatic representation in the US Libya does not have an embassy in the US

      Diplomatic representation from the US the US suspended all embassy activities in Tripoli on 2 May 1980

      Flag description plain green; green is the traditional color of Islam (the state religion)

      NOTE: The information regarding Libya on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Libya Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Libya Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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