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    Lithuania Government - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/lithuania/lithuania_government.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form: Republic of Lithuania
      conventional short form: Lithuania
      local short form: Lietuva
      former: Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic
      local long form: Lietuvos Respublika

      Government type parliamentary democracy

      Capital Vilnius

      Administrative divisions 10 counties (apskritys, singular - apskritis); Alytaus, Kauno, Klaipedos, Marijampoles, Panevezio, Siauliu, Taurages, Telsiu, Utenos, Vilniaus

      Independence 11 March 1990 (independence declared from Soviet Union); 6 September 1991 (Soviet Union recognizes Lithuania's independence)

      National holiday Independence Day, 16 February (1918); note - 16 February 1918 is the date of independence from German, Austrian, Prussian, and Russian occupation, 11 March 1990 is the date of independence from the Soviet Union

      Constitution adopted 25 October 1992

      Legal system based on civil law system; legislative acts can be appealed to the constitutional court

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Valdas ADAMKUS (since 26 February 1998)
      head of government: Premier Algirdas Mykolas BRAZAUSKAS (since 3 July 2001)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the premier
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 21 December 1997 and 4 January 1998 (next to be held in late 2002); premier appointed by the president on the approval of the Parliament
      election results: Valdas ADAMKUS elected president; percent of vote - Valdas ADAMKUS 50.4%, Arturas PAULAUSKAS 49.6%

      Legislative branch unicameral Parliament or Seimas (141 seats, 71 members are directly elected by popular vote, 70 are elected by proportional representation; members serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 8 October 2000 (next to be held NA October 2004)
      election results: percent of vote by party - Social Democratic Coalition 31.1%, New Union-Social Liberals 19.6%, Liberal Union 17.2%, TS 8.6%, remaining parties all less than 5%; seats by party - Social Democratic Coalition 52, Liberal Union 34, New Union-Social Liberals 29, TS 9, Farmer's Party 4, Center Union 2, Poles' Electoral Action 2, Modern Christian Democratic Union 1, independents 3, others 5

      Judicial branch Constitutional Court; Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; judges for all courts appointed by the President

      Political parties and leaders Christian Democratic Party or LKDP [Kazys BOBELIS, chairman]; Electoral Action of Lithuanian Poles [Valdemar TOMASZEVSKI, chairman]; Homeland Union/Conservative Party or TS [Vytautas LANDSBERGIS, chairman]; Lithuanian Center Union or LCS [Kestutis GLAVECKAS, chairman]; Lithuanian Farmer's Party or LUP [Ramunas KARBAUSKIS, chairman]; Lithuanian Green Party [Rimantas BRAZIULIS]; Lithuanian Liberal Union [Eugenijus GENTVILAS, chairman]; Lithuanian Liberal Youth [Neringa MOROZAITE]; Lithuanian National Democratic Party [Vygintas GONTIS]; Lithuanian Social Democratic Coalition [Algirdas BRAZAUSKAS, chairman] consists of the Lithuanian Democratic Labor Party or LDDP, the Lithuanian Social Democratic Party or LSPD, and New Democracy; Moderate Conservative Union [Gediminas VAGNORIUS]; Modern Christian Democratic Union [Vytautas BOGUSIS, chairman]; New Democracy and Farmer's Union [Kazimiera PRUNSKIENE, chairman]; New Union-Social Liberals [Arturas PAULAUSKAS, chairman]; Young Lithuania [Arnoldas PLATELIS]

      Political pressure groups and leaders NA

      International organization participation ACCT (observer), BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EU (applicant), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIK, UPU, WCL, WEU (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Vygaudas USACKAS
      consulate(s) general: Chicago and New York
      FAX: [1] (202) 328-0466
      telephone: [1] (202) 234-5860
      chancery: 2622 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador John F. TEFFT
      embassy: Akmenu 6, 2600 Vilnius
      mailing address: American Embassy, Vilnius, PSC 78, Box V, APO AE 09723
      telephone: [370] (2) 665-500
      FAX: [370] (2) 665-510

      Flag description three equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), green, and red

      NOTE: The information regarding Lithuania on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Lithuania Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Lithuania Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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