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    Luxembourg Government - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/luxembourg/luxembourg_government.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
      conventional short form: Luxembourg
      local short form: Luxembourg
      local long form: Grand Duche de Luxembourg

      Government type constitutional monarchy

      Capital Luxembourg

      Administrative divisions 3 districts; Diekirch, Grevenmacher, Luxembourg

      Independence 1839 (from the Netherlands)

      National holiday National Day (Birthday of Grand Duchess Charlotte) 23 June

      Constitution 17 October 1868, occasional revisions

      Legal system based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

      Executive branch
      chief of state: Grand Duke HENRI (since 7 October 2000); Heir Apparent Prince GUILLAUME (son of the monarch, born 11 November 1981)
      head of government: Prime Minister Jean-Claude JUNCKER (since 1 January 1995) and Vice Prime Minister Lydie POLFER (since 7 August 1999)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers recommended by the prime minister and appointed by the monarch
      elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister and vice prime minister appointed by the monarch, following popular election to the Chamber of Deputies; they are responsible to the Chamber of Deputies
      note: government coalition - CSV and DP

      Legislative branch unicameral Chamber of Deputies or Chambre des Deputes (60 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      elections: last held 13 June 1999 (next to be held by June 2004)
      note: there is also a Council of State that serves as an advisory body to the Chamber of Deputies; the Council of State has 21 members appointed by the Grand Duke on the advice of the prime minister
      election results: percent of vote by party - CSV 29.79%, DP 21.58%, LSAP 23.75%, ADR 10.36%, Green Party 9.09%, the Left 3.77%; seats by party - CSV 19, DP 15, LSAP 13, ADR 6, Green Party 5, the Left 2

      Judicial branch judicial courts and tribunals (3 Justices of the Peace, 2 district courts, and 1 Supreme Court of Appeals); administrative courts and tribunals (State Prosecutor's Office, administrative courts and tribunals, and the Constitutional Court); judges for all courts are appointed for life by the monarch

      Political parties and leaders Action Committee for Democracy and Justice or ADR [Robert MEHLEN]; Christian Social People's Party or CSV (known also as Christian Social Party or PCS) [Erna HENNICOT-SCHOEPGES]; Democratic Party or DP [Lydie POLFER]; Green Party [Abbes JACOBY and Felix BRAS]; Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party or LSAP [Jean ASSELBORN]; Marxist and Reformed Communist Party DEI LENK (the Left) [no formal leadership]; other minor parties

      Political pressure groups and leaders ABBL (bankers' association); ALEBA (financial sector trade union); Centrale Paysanne (federation of agricultural producers); CEP (professional sector chamber); CGFP (trade union representing civil service); Chambre de Commerce (Chamber of Commerce); Chambre des Metiers (Chamber of Artisans); FEDIL (federation of industrialists); LCGP (center-right trade union); OGBL (center-left trade union)

      International organization participation ACCT, Australia Group, Benelux, CCC, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EIB, EMU, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NATO, NEA, NSG, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO, ZC

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Arlette CONZEMIUS-PACCOURD
      chancery: 2200 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
      consulate(s) general: New York and San Francisco
      FAX: [1] (202) 328-8270
      telephone: [1] (202) 265-4171

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Gerald LOFTUS
      embassy: 22 Boulevard Emmanuel-Servais, L-2535 Luxembourg City
      mailing address: American Embassy Luxembourg, Unit 1410, APO AE 09126-1410 (official mail); American Embassy Luxembourg, PSC 9, Box 9500, APO AE 09123 (personal mail)
      telephone: [352] 46 01 23
      FAX: [352] 46 14 01

      Flag description three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and light blue; similar to the flag of the Netherlands, which uses a darker blue and is shorter; design was based on the flag of France

      NOTE: The information regarding Luxembourg on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Luxembourg Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Luxembourg Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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