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    Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Geography - 2002

      Location Southeastern Europe, north of Greece

      Geographic coordinates 41 50 N, 22 00 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 25,333 sq km
      water: 477 sq km
      land: 24,856 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than Vermont

      Land boundaries
      total: 766 km
      border countries: Albania 151 km, Bulgaria 148 km, Greece 246 km, Yugoslavia 221 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate warm, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall

      Terrain mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Vardar River 50 m
      highest point: Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit) 2,753 m

      Natural resources chromium, lead, zinc, manganese, tungsten, nickel, low-grade iron ore, asbestos, sulfur, timber, arable land

      Land use
      arable land: 24%
      permanent crops: 2%
      other: 74% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 550 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards high seismic risks

      Environment - current issues air pollution from metallurgical plants

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note landlocked; major transportation corridor from Western and Central Europe to Aegean Sea and Southern Europe to Western Europe

      NOTE: The information regarding Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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