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    Madagascar Government - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/madagascar/madagascar_government.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form: Republic of Madagascar
      conventional short form: Madagascar
      local short form: Madagascar
      former: Malagasy Republic
      local long form: Republique de Madagascar

      Government type republic

      Capital Antananarivo

      Administrative divisions 6 provinces (faritany); Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Fianarantsoa, Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara

      Independence 26 June 1960 (from France)

      National holiday Independence Day, 26 June (1960)

      Constitution 19 August 1992 by national referendum

      Legal system based on French civil law system and traditional Malagasy law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Marc RAVALOMANANA (since 6 May 2002)
      head of government: Prime Minister Jacques SYLLA (27 May 2002)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 16 December 2001 (next to be held NA November 2006); prime minister appointed by the president from a list of candidates nominated by the National Assembly
      election results: percent of vote - Didier RATSIRAKA (AREMA) 40.89%, Marc RAVALOMANANA 46.21%; note - on 29 April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner by just over 50% after a recount; RATSIRIKA's prime minister was put under house arrest on 27 May 2002, and SYLLA was appointed the new prime minister by President RAVALOMANANA

      Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (150 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms); note - the legislature is scheduled to become a bicameral Parliament with the establishment of a Senate; two-thirds of the seats of this Senate will be filled by regional assemblies whose members will be elected by popular vote; the remaining one-third of the seats will be appointed by the president; the total number of seats will be determined by the National Assembly; all members will serve four-year terms
      elections: National Assembly - last held 17 May 1998 (next to be held NA 2002)
      election results: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - AREMA 63, LEADER/Fanilo 16, AVI 14, RPSD 11, AFFA 6, MFM 3, AKFM/Fanavaozana 3, GRAD/Iloafo 1, Fihaonana 1, independents 32

      Judicial branch Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; High Constitutional Court or Haute Cour Constitutionnelle

      Political parties and leaders Action, Truth, Development, and Harmony or AFFA [Professor Albert ZAFY]; Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar or AREMA [leader vacant]; Congress Party for Malagasy Independence or AKFM/Fanavaozana [leader NA]; Economic Liberalism and Democratic Action for National Recovery or LEADER/Fanilo [Herizo RAZAFIMAHALEO]; Fihaonana Rally or Fihaonana [Guy RAZANAMASY]; Group of Reflection and Action for the Development of Madagascar or GRAD/Iloafo; Judged by Your Work or AVI [Norbert RATSIRAHONANA]; Movement for the Progress of Madagascar or MFM [Manandafy RAKOTONIRINA]; Renewal of the Social Democratic Party or RPSD [Evariste MARSON]; Tranobe (Big House) [Ny Hasina ANDRIAMANJATO]

      Political pressure groups and leaders Federalist Movement; National Council of Christian Churches or FFKM

      International organization participation ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAU, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Zina ANDRIANARIVELO-RAZAFY
      consulate(s) general: New York
      FAX: [1] (202) 265-3034
      telephone: [1] (202) 265-5525, 5526
      chancery: 2374 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Wanda L. NESBITT
      embassy: 14-16 Rue Rainitovo, Antsahavola, Antananarivo
      mailing address: B. P. 620, Antsahavola, Antananarivo
      telephone: [261] (20) 22-212-57
      FAX: [261] (20) 22-345-39

      Flag description two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a vertical white band of the same width on hoist side

      NOTE: The information regarding Madagascar on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Madagascar Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Madagascar Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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