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    Maldives Government - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/maldives/maldives_government.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form: Republic of Maldives
      conventional short form: Maldives
      local short form: Dhivehi Raajje
      local long form: Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa

      Government type republic

      Capital Male

      Administrative divisions 19 atolls (atholhu, singular and plural) and 1 other first-order administrative division*; Alifu, Baa, Dhaalu, Faafu, Gaafu Alifu, Gaafu Dhaalu, Gnaviyani, Haa Alifu, Haa Dhaalu, Kaafu, Laamu, Lhaviyani, Maale*, Meemu, Noonu, Raa, Seenu, Shaviyani, Thaa, Vaavu

      Independence 26 July 1965 (from UK)

      National holiday Independence Day, 26 July (1965)

      Constitution adopted January 1998

      Legal system based on Islamic law with admixtures of English common law primarily in commercial matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 21 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM (since 11 November 1978); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      elections: president nominated by the Majlis and then that nomination must be ratified by a national referendum (at least a 51% approval margin is required); president elected for a five-year term; election last held 16 October 1998 (next to be held NA October 2003)
      election results: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM reelected; percent of popular vote - Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM 90.9%
      cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president; note - need not be members of Majlis
      head of government: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM (since 11 November 1978); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

      Legislative branch unicameral People's Council or Majlis (50 seats; 42 elected by popular vote, 8 appointed by the president; members serve five-year terms)
      elections: last held 20 November 1999 (next to be held NA November 2004)
      election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 42

      Judicial branch High Court

      Political parties and leaders although political parties are not banned, none exist

      Political pressure groups and leaders none

      International organization participation AsDB, C, CCC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OIC, OPCW, SAARC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US Maldives does not have an embassy in the US, but does have a Permanent Mission to the UN in New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Maldives; the US Ambassador to Sri Lanka is accredited to Maldives and makes periodic visits there

      Flag description red with a large green rectangle in the center bearing a vertical white crescent; the closed side of the crescent is on the hoist side of the flag

      NOTE: The information regarding Maldives on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Maldives Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Maldives Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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