Support our Sponsor

. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries

  • |Main Index|
  • 2002 INDEX
  • Country Ranks
  • DEFINITIONS
  • geographic.org Home PageCountry Index

    Mauritania Economy - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/mauritania/mauritania_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview Half the population still depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood, even though most of the nomads and many subsistence farmers were forced into the cities by recurrent droughts in the 1970s and 1980s. Mauritania has extensive deposits of iron ore, which account for half of total exports. The decline in world demand for this ore, however, has led to cutbacks in production. The nation's coastal waters are among the richest fishing areas in the world, but overexploitation by foreigners threatens this key source of revenue. The country's first deepwater port opened near Nouakchott in 1986. In the past, drought and economic mismanagement resulted in a buildup of foreign debt. In February, 2000, Mauritania qualified for debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative and in December 2001 received strong support from donor and lending countries at a triennial Consultative Group review. Mauritania withdrew its membership in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in 2000 and subsequently increased commercial ties with Arab Maghreb Union members Morocco and Tunisia, most notably in telecommunications. In 2001, exploratory oil wells in tracts 80 km offshore indicated potential viable extraction at current world oil prices. However, the refinery in Nouadhibou historically has not exceeded 20% of its distillation capacity, and it handled no crude in the year 2000. A new Investment Code approved in December 2001 improved the opportunities for direct foreign investment.

      GDP purchasing power parity - $5 billion (2001 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate 4% (2001 est.)

      GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,800 (2001 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector
      agriculture: 25%
      industry: 29%
      services: 46% (2001 est.)

      Population below poverty line 50% (2001 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share
      lowest 10%: 2.5%
      highest 10%: 30.2% (2000)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index 37.3 (1995)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.4% (2001 est.)

      Labor force 786,000 (2001)

      Labor force - by occupation agriculture 50%, services 40%, industry 10% (2001 est.)

      Unemployment rate 21% (1999 est.)

      Budget
      revenues: $421 million
      expenditures: $378 million, including capital expenditures of $154 million (2002 est.)

      Industries fish processing, mining of iron ore and gypsum

      Industrial production growth rate 2% (2000 est.)

      Electricity - production 154 million kWh (2000)

      Electricity - production by source
      fossil fuel: 84.42%
      hydro: 15.58%
      other: 0% (2000)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption 143.22 million kWh (2000)

      Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2000)

      Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2000)

      Agriculture - products dates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn, dates; cattle, sheep

      Exports $359 million (f.o.b., 2000)

      Exports - commodities iron ore, fish and fish products, gold

      Exports - partners France 18%, Japan 16%, Italy 13%, Spain 10% (2000)

      Imports $335 million (f.o.b., 2000)

      Imports - commodities machinery and equipment, petroleum products, capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods

      Imports - partners France 33%, US 10%, Spain 9%, Algeria 6%, Germany 6%, Benelux 5% (2000)

      Debt - external $1.6 billion (2000)

      Economic aid - recipient $220 million (2000)

      Currency ouguiya (MRO)

      Currency code MRO

      Exchange rates ouguiyas per US dollar - 254.350 (December 2001), 238.923 (2000), 209.514 (1999), 188.476 (1998), 151.853 (1997), 137.222 (1996)

      Fiscal year calendar year

      NOTE: The information regarding Mauritania on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mauritania Economy 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mauritania Economy 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Please ADD this page to your FAVORITES - - - - -


    Language Translation Services - All Languages


    http://www.photius.com/wfb2002/mauritania/mauritania_economy.html

    Revised 30-Jan-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR030130