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    Mauritania Geography - 2002

      Location Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara

      Geographic coordinates 20 00 N, 12 00 W

      Map references Africa

      total: 1,030,700 sq km
      land: 1,030,400 sq km
      water: 300 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than three times the size of New Mexico

      Land boundaries
      total: 5,074 km
      border countries: Algeria 463 km, Mali 2,237 km, Senegal 813 km, Western Sahara 1,561 km

      Coastline 754 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty

      Terrain mostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Sebkha de Ndrhamcha -3 m
      highest point: Kediet Ijill 910 m

      Natural resources iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil; fish

      Land use
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 490 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily in March and April; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues overgrazing, deforestation, and soil erosion aggravated by drought are contributing to desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources away from the Senegal which is the only perennial river

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note most of the population concentrated in the cities of Nouakchott and Nouadhibou and along the Senegal River in the southern part of the country

      NOTE: The information regarding Mauritania on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mauritania Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mauritania Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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