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    Mauritania Government - 2002
    http://www.greekorthodoxchurch.org/wfb2002/mauritania/mauritania_government.html
    SOURCE: 2002 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form: Islamic Republic of Mauritania
      conventional short form: Mauritania
      local short form: Muritaniyah
      local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Islamiyah al Muritaniyah

      Government type republic

      Capital Nouakchott

      Administrative divisions 12 regions (regions, singular - region) and 1 capital district*; Adrar, Assaba, Brakna, Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Gorgol, Guidimaka, Hodh Ech Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Inchiri, Nouakchott*, Tagant, Tiris Zemmour, Trarza

      Independence 28 November 1960 (from France)

      National holiday Independence Day, 28 November (1960)

      Constitution 12 July 1991

      Legal system a combination of Shari'a (Islamic law) and French civil law

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Maaouya Ould Sid Ahmed TAYA (since 12 December 1984)
      head of government: Prime Minister Cheikh El Avia Ould Mohamed KHOUNA (since 17 November 1998)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 12 December 1997 (next to be held NA December 2003); prime minister appointed by the president
      election results: President Maaouya Ould Sid Ahmed TAYA reelected with 90.9% of the vote

      Legislative branch bicameral legislature consists of the Senate or Majlis al-Shuyukh (56 seats, a part of the seats up for election every two years; members elected by municipal leaders to serve six-year terms) and the National Assembly or Majlis al-Watani (81 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      elections: Senate - last held 17 April 1998 (next to be held NA April 2002); National Assembly - last held 19 and 26 October 2001 (next to be held NA 2006)
      election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - PRDS 98%, others 2%; seats by party - PRDS 56; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - PRDS 79%, RDU 3.5%, UDP 3.5%, AC 5%, RDF 4%, UFP 3.5%, FP 1.5%; seats by party - PRDS 64, UDP 3, RDU 3, AC 4, RDF 3, UFP 3,and FP 1

      Judicial branch Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; Court of Appeals; lower courts

      Political parties and leaders Action for Change or AC [Messoud Ould BOULKHEIR]; Alliance for Justice and Democracy or AJD [Kebe ABDOULAYE]; Democratic and Social Republican Party or PRDS (ruling party) [President Maaouya Ould Sid Ahmed TAYA]; Mauritanian Party for Renewal and Concorde or PMRC [Molaye El Hassen Ould JIYID]; National Union for Democracy and Development or UNDD [Tidjane KOITA]; Party for Liberty, Equality and Justice or PLEJ [Daouda M'BAGNIGA]; Popular Front or FP [Ch'bih Ould CHEIKH MALAININE]; Popular Progress Alliance or APP [Mohamed El Hafed Ould ISMAEL]; Popular Social and Democratic Union or UPSD [Mohamed Mahmoud Ould MAH]; Progress Force Union or UFP [Mohamed Ould MAOULOUD]; Rally of Democratic Forces or RDF [Ahmed Ould DADDAH]; Rally for Democracy and Unity or RDU [Ahmed Ould SIDI BABA]; Union for Democracy and Progress or UDP [Naha Mint MOUKNASS]
      note: the Action for Change party was banned in January 2002; parties legalized by constitution ratified 12 July 1991, however, politics continue to be tribally based

      Political pressure groups and leaders Arab nationalists; Ba'athists; General Confederation of Mauritanian Workers or CGTM [Abdallahi Ould MOHAMED, secretary general]; Independent Confederation of Mauritanian Workers or CLTM [Samory Ould BEYE]; Islamists; Mauritanian Workers Union or UTM [Mohamed Ely Ould BRAHIM, secretary general]

      International organization participation ABEDA, ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, AMU, CAEU, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Mohamedou Ould MICHEL
      chancery: 2129 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008
      FAX: [1] (202) 319-2623
      telephone: [1] (202) 232-5700

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador John W. LIMBERT
      embassy: Rue Abdallaye, Nouakchott
      mailing address: BP 222, Nouakchott
      telephone: [222] 525-2660, 525-2663
      FAX: [222] 525-1592

      Flag description green with a yellow five-pointed star above a yellow, horizontal crescent; the closed side of the crescent is down; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam

      NOTE: The information regarding Mauritania on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mauritania Government 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mauritania Government 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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