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    Namibia Geography - 2002

      Location Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa

      Geographic coordinates 22 00 S, 17 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 825,418 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 825,418 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly more than half the size of Alaska

      Land boundaries
      total: 3,936 km
      border countries: Angola 1,376 km, Botswana 1,360 km, South Africa 967 km, Zambia 233 km

      Coastline 1,572 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic

      Terrain mostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Konigstein 2,606 m

      Natural resources diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, zinc, salt, vanadium, natural gas, hydropower, fish
      note: suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore

      Land use
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 99% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land 70 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards prolonged periods of drought

      Environment - current issues very limited natural fresh water resources; desertification; wildlife poaching; land degradation has led to few conservation areas

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note first country in the world to incorporate the protection of the environment into its constitution; some 14% of the land is protected, including virtually the entire Namib Desert coastal strip

      NOTE: The information regarding Namibia on this page is re-published from the 2002 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Namibia Geography 2002 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Namibia Geography 2002 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 30-Jan-03
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